Tet offensive failed and losses were high. Americans destroying entire villages and committing war crimes, such as the My Lai massacre. of the Indochina conflict making reference to the tactics of warfare, politics and media involvement. Films and tv shows are great for a number of reasons. However, if you hire me as your private tutor, students will get the help they need to ace the Modern History syllabus and Modern History exam. Washington would not interfere with Chinese or Russian material aid, currently entering NV at a rate of 100 tonnes/ day. His power was absolute and he would tolerate no opposition to his rule. It was a disaster. The Nuclear Age. This is an assessment task for the topic Conflict in Indochina. 3 days- 1200 V.Cong died, US lost 300 and nearly 1000 wounded. Provision of health services, education and subsidized rice. Massive use of herbicides and defoliants has left vast areas of SV a wasteland, The legacy of unexploded bombs remains a problem for Indochina into the 21. The Mekong Delta in the South had been the traditional source of the country’s rice for centuries. Stanley Karnow: they “produced no durable solution to the Indochina conflict”. At Kent State University in Ohio, police fired on anti-war protestors which resulted in the death of four students. One approach to teaching Power and Authority would be to start with the 2. The US also used its position in the UN to ensure to World Bank loans were given to Vietnam. Conflict in Indochina by James Harpur Films The … Truman Doctrine(1947) – Containment, Domino Theory, 1954: 600 US advisors- aim to increase and train ARVN, 1955 US aid package $322 first of many grants, By 1960’s- Southern economy totally reliant on US. In the context of the Cold War, the relations between the DRV and the USA were hostile. Refugee numbers mounted as civilians were caught in the crossfire of a civil/ ethnic class whose origins were hundreds of years old. To what extent was the rise to power of Pol Pot’s regime a consequence of the spread of the Vietnam War to Cambodia? Babies born with a series of birth defects due to Agent Orange. The intractable policy of containment and the domino theory blinded U.S. statesmen and the few South East Asian analysts and led them to enact ill-founded strategy, and support the fledging democracy in South Vietnam and ‘bastion democracies’, after the French capitulation at Dien Bien Phu on May 7th 1954. Indochina from the overthrow of Diem to the withdrawal of US troops from Vietnam in 1975. Chronologies, contexts and timelines should be clearly evident to students. Use as argument for a Geneva Accords question. On occasion this Sino-Soviet split even broke out into armed conflict along their common border. Whole villages were destroyed.” – Melanie Beresford, “South Vietnam’s cities swelled to a degree unusual even by Third World Standards.” – Melanie Beresford, “It’s not that we lost the war militarily. He claims that Tet exposed the lie of “Cold War rhetoric” and “superpower egotism”. Year Zero had begun – within a week this once proud city of gentle people was a skeleton of its former self. History 1978D - Fall 2019 Contested Histories of Colonial Indochina: Culture, Power, Change Instructor: Dr. Cindy Nguyen, History Postdoctoral Fellow E-mail: Cindy_Nguyen@brown.edu Course Description This seminar explores the history of French colonial Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos) from 1858 to 1945. Ironically, at that point the war had realistically ended, because NV now possessed 4 assets. Enormous loss of life – estimates of up to 3 million Vietnamese dead. A 10km wide demilitarised zone would separate North and South Vietnam and no foreign bases were allowed within any area of Indochina. . The Vietnamese had fought foreign occupation for thousands of years and in turn had rejected the Chinese, the French, the Japanese, the French again and then the Americans. A ceasefire was announced, but the war continued. The peace movement in America also became an extension of the feminist movement and the American Civil Rights movement. A unique, comprehensive account of Vietnam's struggle for independence, from the mythological origins of its people to the end of the Second Indochina War. The survival of the Thiu regime and South Vietnam. Skip To Content. Normally Modern essays will focus on one section of the syllabus (so for e.g. Challenging Euro-centric narratives of colonialism, we will critically analyze … To win the ‘hearts and minds’ of the local people, the South Vietnamese were forced into strategic hamlets to prevent the VC taking control of the countryside. Even though Ho depended upon the aid from USSR and China, he was determined to build a communist state independent from them. Cambodia gained independence from the French in November 1953. Pol Pot had spent time in China during the 60’s, during the violent upheavals of the ‘Cultural Revolution’ – he was impressed with the following notions: The preservation of Khmer cultural purity, The development of a communal way of life, The creation of a new agricultural Cambodian society. Account for the Communist victory in the Second Indochina War. Indecisive nature is partially due to the fact that they were only intended to be temporary as they were pressed by an urgency resulting from the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu. Films and tv shows tell a story. Between 19622 and 1972, the US sprayed over 20 million gallons of defoliants/herbicides on SV. You're currently viewing our resources for Modern History. In February 1971, 5000 ARVN troops were sent into Laos to attack NVA supply lines. Minor Offensives between March and June 1968 until North Vietnamese and Viet Cong withdrew. English (Common Module) 1K. Forever insecure and paranoid about conspiracies, the Khmer Rouge contributed to its own downfall by breaking up into cliques that periodically purged each other as internal alliances changed. Very rarely, if ever, does a question relate to the entire study. Moving peasants – e.g. Key features include: Vietnam became a ‘domestic’ story as the TV networks often featured an individual soldiers experiences, a technique which added human interest and drama to a story. Western goods, cars, investment, music, fashion as well as prostitution and the drug trade. March 1967 – some Viet Cong units that were captured possessed maps of Saigon’s sewer system. Key features include: South Vietnamese government (supported by US) had used military force against protesters. Conflict in Indochina 1954-1979 thoroughly examines the origins, nature and legacies of the conflicts raging across Indochina during the post-World War II period. Ironically, America’s falling-domino theory applied to South Vietnam’s provinces, not the other nations in Asia. The growing strength of NLF activity was alarming leading military figures. There were scenes of Napalm attacks turning villages into fireballs. The tactics followed by the communist guerrilla’s owed much to experience of the Chinese communists in their struggle for power. Ancestral rivalries had fuelled hatred between the Cambodians and the Vietnamese. Most died at S-21 – there were only 7 survivors. This BRAND NEW study guide is specifically written for the new Year 12 Modern History syllabus. Pages. American involvement was now beyond military and economic. Up to 1 million people moved south, the vast majority of them were Catholics who feared persecution under the Northern communist regime. NESA is regularly updating its advice as … 1954-1979. Change in the Modern World … This was kept secret and was not known until the Pentagon Papers were released. The war had a detrimental effect on the landscape. HEY HEY MODERN HISTORIANS! One approach to teaching Power and Authority would be to start with the Gain unparalleled and in-depth insight into Cambodia’s enthralling modern and ancient history and culture. All things History, and teaching! Critical areas such as military intelligence, logistics and communications began to deteriorate or malfunction to a point where they became inoperable. You're currently viewing our resources for Modern History. In May, 30 000 US and ARVN troops invaded Cambodia to root out the Communist bases. Most were afraid and confused and did nothing. © Copyright 2002-2020 iStudy Australia Pty Ltd, HSC Modern History - Essay on transformation of social and cultural life in Russia, HSC Modern History - Essay on the rise of the Khmer Rouge, HSC Modern History - Russia and the Soviet Union Notes. Outcome Coding Syllabus outcomes have been coded in a consistent way. In fact, Kampuchea was never unified by popular consent but rather it was consolidated by force and intimidation. Opinion polls suggested at the time that more than half of Americans believed that the war was morally wrong. Historians have claimed that the anti-Vietnam war movement was the most powerful popular movement in American history. 1. Was a death trap which was televised nightly in the US. On the walls of Tuol Sleng were thousands of photographs of Khmer Rouge victims prior to their executions. There is really no decent (and recent) history of the conflicts that emerged in Indochina following the Second World War that do not deal with the crucial role of these international powers in shaping the events that are the focus of this topic. This text has been written for the Stage 6 Modern History syllabus in NSW, however the content will appeal to senior history students throughout Australia, who wish to understand the complex issues and events surrounding the Vietnam War. He told us more after we stuffed him with water.”. The relationship w/ China was still slightly tentative due to historical tensions. The ramifications of the Vietnam conflict, the largest confrontation in the Cold War, can still be found in all the countries that participated, especially among the men and women who served in Vietnam. Forums. Total marks – 100 Section I Pages 2–6 25 marks Within 2 weeks, half of the ARVN troops were dead and this was all reported back to Americans at home. However by late 1962 “US advisors” assisted ARVN troops by flying helicopters and aircraft missions. Little US action in response to NVA and VC attacks in South. Some of the Southern troops did not treat the local Khmer population well. While Cambodia was facing economic crisis, political unrest and war was raging in neighbouring Vietnam, Sihanouk committed himself to drama, music and other distractions which meant the state was neglected and he lost a lot of respect from the people. 1977-78- Khmer Rouge, Vietnam hostilities intensified. The South Vietnamese had disliked US tactics. The KR’s mystical political identity, had no human form. Why were there communist victories in Indo-China in 1975? Cambodian Nationalists vs. North Vietnamese: The North Vietnamese reaction to Lon Nol’s seizure of power was a swift response to send several NVA divisions into Easter Cambodia with the intention of overthrowing Lon Nol. rice imports from China 1954-1957. Thieu was unconvinced but had to agree. This new edition has even more features than before to help students succeed in Year 12. Over 50 000 Viet Cong and North Vietnamese had been killed → took NLF four years to recover. There was enormous cost to both sides. Here we go, continuing with our new topic for the term, Conflict in Indochina 1954-1979. Nixon had the difficult task of bringing American troops home, but still convincing President Thieu that the South was not being deserted. Quizlet Live. A fundamental KR policy aimed at converting Cambodia into a nation of uneducated, rural peasants (hypocrisy as KR leaders were educated). American soldiers had been trained in regular combat not to counter guerrilla warfare. Sihanouk was becoming increasingly disengaged from the business of government, he immersed himself in film making and opened a casino in Phnom Penh. Assess the importance of nationalism to the Vietnamese up to 1965. Initially, few people questioned the circumstances of the Tonkin incident, South-Vietnam as a worthy ally, and the Cold War rhetoric. To destroy communist headquarters on the border. 8 internal refugees (1/2 South Vietnamese peasantry). Those who became resistance fighters for the Viet Minh, Diem dubbed ‘Viet Cong’, His determination to eradicate communism is evident in his. The rural folk resisted the forced relocation and disruption to their lifestyles that the building of the Strategic Hamlets required. Tet demonstrated the resolve of the Vietcong and the shaky control South Vietnam had over its own territory. Up to half a million people died during the forced evacuations. military failure/psychological victory) however, he further states that what it did was to bring Americans crashing down to reality, he agrees that Tet was a tactical American victory, but that its effect on the American consciousness made it a defeat. Menu. Modern transport, modern economic institutions, modern medicine were destroyed and not allowed to pollute the nation. By virtue of Vietnam, the US held line for 10 years and stopped the dominoes from falling.” Westmoreland. Nixon now faced popular unrest and was now faced with a US senate that was eager to limit the seemingly unlimited power that the President had accrued since the Tonkin resolution. UPDATED for the new syllabus. The growth of American involvement in Vietnam during the Diem years – 1954-63: Impact of direct US military involvement in Vietnam and the consequences for Vietnam and Cambodia, Nature and effectiveness of the strategy and tactics employed by the North Vietnamese Army and the National Liberation Front (NLF), and by the South Vietnamese and the USA, Strategies and Tactics of the NLF and North Vietnamese Army (NVA), Strategy and tactics of the USA and the South Vietnamese Army (ARVN), Impact of the war on civilians in Indochina, Impact of the spread of the Vietnam War to Cambodia, Declining morale of American forces inside South Vietnam, Nature and significance of anti-war movements in the USA, Reasons for Development of Anti-War Movement, The defeat of the South Vietnamese forces, Rise to power of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia. Download this Syllabus document for HSC, Preliminary - Modern History. Stage 6 Modern History. However, this exclusion did not apply to Communist China. US refused to establish relations with Vietnam for over two decades and the “Trading with the Enemy Act” ensured no US trade or investment was headed Vietnam’s way. (Web address p.3. No American troops were sent to help the French in the 1st Indochina War, but US money was – by the end of the war the US was paying up to 80% of French war expenses. Read more £3.00 New South Wales’ most trusted Modern History series has been updated for the 2018 Modern History Stage 6 syllabus. However the policies were undermined by search and destroy missions and bombings. . Lon Nol’s claim to power prompted the Khmer Rouge to retaliate. This Modern History Seminars study guide gives HSC students direct access to the most recent interpretations and the most up-to-date research in the new Modern History Syllabus to be examined for the first time in 2019. timelines and definitions of key terms and concepts; content outlines in point form cover the essentials of each topic To what extent were the Vietcong responsible for the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam and the eventual defeat of the South Vietnamese forces in the period 1968–1975? Foreign activity in Cambodia was over by late 1973. Free democratic elections for a sovereign government for a united Vietnam were scheduled for. The South Vietnamese withdrew with the Americans, though later in the year they attacked a communist base in North East Cambodia. He had a difficult job maintaining stability in the Cold War climate (i.e. Kimmo Kiljuen: “life on the collectives…destroyed one’s individuality” / “95-97% of the population lined on collective farms”. 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